Nov 18

Caluttit, Bontoc: Challey-ya

by: Marife K. Manochon
Secretarial 2nd Year
Xijen College of Mountain Province
E-mail:  marife_mae@ymail.com


Ages ago, in the northern part of Bontoc town,there existed a community called Challey-ya with approximately five hectares of sweet potato lots and rice paddies owned by the residents of Bontoc Ili. A time came when the government was in dire need of land space to put up government buildings. Hence,on the eastern side of the Sitio,  Bontoc General Hospital was built with the aid of the American Regime.   Further towards the north,the Provincial Jail was built in the “bilibid” area before the Second World War broke out.

Caluttit is a conglomeration of people from the different barrios of Bontoc.  There is a Sum-at village aptly named because most of the residents are from Sadanga.  The White Village is named because of its proximity to the Bontoc Public Cemetery.  The lower area is composed mostly of residents from Bontoc Ili, Tocucan and the Ilocano side which is a residential area mostly of Ilocanos, the first wave of government employees that worked in the Bontoc General Hospital.

The diversity of the population was increased by trade where the exchange of goods (especially salt) allowed people to come in and out of the area. Intermarriage also played a role in bringing in people from other places. As such, others came from different municipalities of the province and adjacent provinces like kalinga,Ifugao,Isabela, and Benguet.

From the different groups of people with their different dialects, they started putting up their dwelling in the Bilibid & hospital reservations, making them settlers of the place. With their different dialects,whenever the natives of Bontoc Ili came to work in their camote lots and rice fields,they would also say about the people there. “Ke cha nakhalut-khalut!”. Because of the inter twinning (nakhalut) combination of the different people occupying the area, the name Caluttit sprung out.

Today, Calutttit has a population of 1,951 individuals (391 families). The barangay occupies 54 hectares.

In 1984, the ever increasing number of households and population made it a separate barangay from Poblacion, Sum-at,White Village,Sac-angan,Lengsad,Pakkil,Pospos and Chalolog mostly in the areas going towards Malicong barrio were included in the newly created barrio of Caluttit.  Barrio Caluttit is bounded on the East by the Chico River, on the West by the Guina-ang-Mainit Provincial Road, on the South by Tay-ok Creek, and on the North by the mountains Lukfufan and Faliling.


According to the latest survey, the population is 1,892 but now it increased 2,025.


Bontoc Municipality Officials

Mayor: Pascual  A. Sacgaca

Vice-Mayor: William A. Aspilan


1. Eusebio S. Kabluyen

2. Benjamin M.  Ngeteg Sr.

3. Jerome B. Tudlong Jr.

4. Ignacio F. Afidchao

5. Constancio A. Miranda

6. Herman C. Farnican

7. Wilbert A. Padngaran


Barangay Captain:  Jimmy Cherwaken

Barangay Secretary:  Norine B. Montero

Barangay Treasurer:  Sandra Farnag


Juliet Awichen

Didaco Lingbanan Jr.

Asuncion Diaz

Jaime Kewan

Francis Lotoy

Timothy Pongad Jr.

Joseph Damayan


SK Chairman:  Imee Charisima Awichen


Kalagui, Novert

Toda, Ezekiel

Fagsao, Shardey

Inmachog, Benjamin

Alngangeo C-jay


Xijen College of Mountain Province, Inc.

A tricycle is a convenient means of transportation to reach the upper side or lower side of Barrio Caluttit.  It costs seven pesos per passenger.  You can also walk as it is not too far from the center of town.  Caluttit is the next area of expansion for government buildings and private institutions.   In Caluttit, we now have the main campus of Xijen College of Mountain Province, the school is located across the Nurse’s home.  The new building of the Department of Science and Technology and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources is under construction at Sac-angan, which is near the Provincial Jail. Other offices in my barrio include the Provincial Veterinarian’s, Office of the Provincial Agriculturist, and the National Irrigation Administration. On the road towards Guina-ang-Mainit, is the Lay Force Center of the Roman Catholic Church.  It is a composed of several buildings that serve as the quarters of seminarians, a convention center, seminar halls and hostels. The Philippine National Police -Barracks, the Caluttit Day Care Center and Sumya-an Center (a housing refuge for battered women and children) are all located in Caluttit.  On the lower portion of the barrio are the Saint Vincent’s High School, Bontoc Central School, Office of the Provincial Engineer, the Special Education Center, Veteran’s Office, Civil Service Commission and the Mountain Province State Polytechnic College.


There are a gathering of places to eat in Caluttit, some may be your general village store but the bigger places to eat include Apics and JJF on the lower side, near Mountain Province State Polytechnic College and Joan’s and the Bontoc Mami House at the upper side near Xijen College.

You can do a village walk in Caluttit-the lower Caluttit area to get a glimpse of life in Caluttit.  You can also visit the Sum-at and White Village. Ordinary it may seem to be, but there could be facets of life in my village that might catch your fancy.  A visit to the cemetery will provide you a glimpse of history.  It is here where Mother Agnes (Naert) and Father Leon Quintelier were buried. They are the icons of the Catholic Faith here in Bontoc.  If you are a former resident of Caluttit, you can take a visit to the Bontoc Hospital.  The statue of “Florence Nightingale” is still here, but the fountain is gone.  Of course, Caluttit is the gateway to Maligcong Rice Terraces.  You can then go up the 7 kilometer road to Maligcong or take a ride and stop at the waiting shed -boundary of Caluttit and Maligcong.  Then take a brief walk towards the mountain side that provides you a breathtaking view of Bontoc town below.


Student hostels are concentrated in my village.  There are also hostels for nursing students like the Dalog’s residence at Lower Caluttit, the D&S Hostel at upper Caluttit (across the Bontoc General Hospital) .  (Photo:  Rice fields still dot the landscape of lower Caluttit).


  1. Joana Cherwaken

    Hi Marife,

    Thank you for the information about Caluttit, honestly, i grow up in this place ( Bontoc) but only now i came to know why it’s called Caluttit, my old folks tell me some story but i was young then i can not recall them, but thanks to you, reading your story made me proud that i belong their and adds another knowledge as well, easy for me also to tell to my kids if they will ask where i came from….well done!!

    1. Marife K. Manochon

      Thank you very much for your comment,God Bless!

  2. fargo Bcn

    Thank you so much Marife for sharing this very informative history about our peaceful barangay Caluttit. I am too is a proud Challey-yan even if I wasn’t born in this place. Our house has been erected there before I was born yet and so it became our summer destination since childhood. It was there where childhood dreams started to shape up in adventure. I clearly remember that it was in Caluttit- ka iskwelaan where I first attended my first evening bible study. Oh… the bible songs that I learned from that old iskwelaan sting rings to my ears.

    Yes, Caluttit is our home now. We are so happy that we have a house built in that villege where we could always go home when ever we miss home.

    Thank you manong Joel for the school website. It makes me feel so close to those I once worked before and to the college students who taught me so much things. It was a great experience indeed. I hope someday I can come back to work again. I miss you all at Xijen!

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