During the early years of the American regime, the Mankayan became part of Lepanto.In 1913, Mankayan was established as a municipal district in the sub-office of Benguet and with such came the official recognition of its first local government executives.
On June 16, 1950, pursuant to Republic Act 1302, Mankayan district was converted into a regular municipality, making it one of the 13 municipalities of Benguet at the present.
Like other communities with mining operation within their localities, the town of Mankayan and grew developed alongside these two companies (Mitsui Company of Japan–during Worldwide II and Lepanto Consolidated Company–present). Projects were initiated such as the opening of roads, installation of electric power and telephone lines, construction of a water reservoir, footbridges linking the different barrios to the Poblacion, a public market, animal breeding station, a municipal guest houses as well as a concrete municipal town hall to serve the multi-faceted needs of the residents of Mankayan.
Before, Mankayan was a thickly forested area wherein hunters frequented in search of wild game. Legend has it that two hunters from Buguias pursued a deer into this forest. The deer harassed by the hunters and their dog fell into a ravine. Tired and weary, the hunters made camp for the night right on the spot where they recovered the deer.They skinned, rousted and feasted on their game the whole night leaving their fire burning through. The following morning they found that the rocks by their campfire was malleable and could easily be molded. They brought home samples of their discovery.
Thereafter, the native searched the area for this mineral ore. Products fashioned from their finds were bartered with much needed commodities form the Ilocos coast took notice of these products and asked the traders their source of copper. The natives simply replied “nangkayang” meaning “way up the Eastern Mountains” nangkayang eventually became MANKAYAN, the name adopted by the area up to the present.
MANKAYAN is a 4th class municipality, located in Northern Benguet. Agriculture and employment in the mines constitute the two major sources of livelihood. A large number of household are engaged in vegetable farming. Tradition methods like bench terracing and kaingin are highly practiced. The major industry is mining which have been dominated by the Lepanto Consolidated Company since the 1900s. The existence of a few other mining companies is a recent development. Small scale miners are also numerous, this having a traditional activity of the native population even before corporate mining started. Mankayan ranks among the oldest communities in Nothern, Benguet in the formulation of kankana-ey society.
HOW TO GET THERE
Today’s World, we can now easily go to a place we want to visit. If you want to come to our place you can ride to any public vehicle as long as it will pass to Abatan Buguias vicinity. From there, you may ride on a Jeepney route Mankayan via Abatan, 30 – 40 minutes you are now in Poblacion, Mankayan town plaza.
Rice fields were worked twice a year during the month of June and December. Rice was planted on the month of January and July.
It was almost the women who took good care of the rice fields by removing weeds and maintain the flowing of water from the irrigation, while the men were usually out for hunting and the others are working in the mining company. Rice agriculture was mainly for domestic consumption and was limited to some areas.
Vegetable planting is done during rainy season. Farms were cleared during the dry season by cutting back the burning of the vegetative cover and then waiting for the rainy season to come so that the fields could be planted with camote and gabi. Sometimes inhabitants would just plant gabi near the river, brooks and spring where there is enough water for the roots to absorb.
FAVORITE FOOD (Specialty)
In Cordillera, there is a way to prepare chicken without spilling blood. It is a traditional meal called “pinikpikan” which modern practitioners fondly refers to as “killing me softly.” It is said that through the process of beating and burning, the indigenous folks make appeals or ask favors from Kabunian or the spirits of their ancestors. The native chicken makes the best “pinikpikan.”
You will need firewood, a clean flat surface,”innasin” (smoked, salted and aged pork) pechay or sayote and a piece of stick.
First, start a fire. Put one wing of the chicken on a flat surface. Using the stick, beat the wings from the inside like you would hit a gong – not too soft and not too hard – just enough to numb the fowl, not break its bones. Keep a rhythm as you go from the tip of the wing to the side and back. Do the same to the other wing.
Lay its neck sideways on a flat surface and beat it repeatedly from end to end. Beating the chicken makes its blood coagulate, no messy red liquid dripping all over the place.
When its strength gone. You hold the chicken by its feet and wings in one hand and then you hit the back of its head. Burn the feathers over the fire. Don’t burn your hands when you remove excess feathers. Now, cook with “innasin”, sayote or pechay.
POPULATION & BARANGAY OFFICIALS
Mankayan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 34,563 people and 6,495 households.
Brgy. Captain- Mr. Modesto Cal-isen
- Domingo Omaweng
- Lydia Fagyan
- Marlon Salupen
- Fernan Tugad
- Andress Dacanay
- Norma Pablo
- Thomas Ladip